Urolithiasis 1

  1. 1.

    Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis can occur in kidneys damaged by calculi and is most often associated with infection caused by:

  2. 2.

    The most important factor in the formation of uric acid calculi is:

  3. 3.

    Patients with an ileostomy are at increased risk of urinary tract calculi composed of:

  4. 4.

    The commonest complication of treatment with D-penicillamine, limiting its use to cystine stone disease, is:

  5. 5.

    All of the following bacteria are capable of producing urease and potentially causing infective stones EXCEPT:

  6. 6.

    The actions of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on the kidney are to:

  7. 7.

    A patient with normal urinary tract anatomy and no past history of calculous disease who then develops Crohn's disease is at risk of urinary calculi of the following composition:

  8. 8.

    Indicated medical therapy for renal leak hypercalciuria is:

  9. 9.

    Stones may rarely form as a result of which antihypertensive medications:

  10. 10.

    What is the treatment of choice for a complete staghorn calculus with minimal dilatation of the collecting system?

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